Data sets used in the HIARC project

Data sets produced in HIARC

Urban Heat Island Arctic Research Campaign (UHIARC) observational network

Delivered by IEC (P. Konstantinov and M. Varentsov)

Contains in situ meteorological and air temperature observations from field campaignes in Murmansk, Apatity, Vorkuta, Salekhard, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, Norilsk


The data set is avaialble through iCUPE [data sets].

Soil, ground and permafrost data sets

Delivered by IEC (A. Kurchatova, D. Drozdov)

Thermal State of Permafrost data set


Soil temperature logger data set [external link to the file]

Models used in HIARC

COSMO-CLM consortium

Data sets used in HIARC

Anthropogenic heat flux (AHF) data sets

EU project MEGAPOLI data sets

L Allen, S Beevers, F Lindberg, Mario Iamarino, N Kitiwiroon, CSB
Grimmond: MEGAPOLI Scientific Report 10-01: Global to City Scale Urban Anthropogenic Heat Flux: Model and Variability, MEGAPOLI Deliverable 1.4


Flanner, M. G.: Integrating anthropogenic heat flux with global climate models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L02801,, 2009.

 online data set 

A new global anthropogenic heat estimation based on high-resolution nighttime light data, Scientific Data, 4, 170116,, 2017. 

online data set

Dong, Y., Varquez, A. C. G., & Kanda, M. (2017). Global anthropogenic heat flux database with high spatial resolution. Atmospheric Environment150, 276-294.

online data set 

Stewart, I. D. and Kennedy, C. A.: Metabolic heat production by human and animal populations in cities, Int. J. Biometeorol., 61, 1159–1171,, 2017. (for Moscow)

HIARC cities' data set

The city edge polygons, city population were downloaded from the Russian Demographic Database

City digital thematic layers downloaded from the Open Street Map

Global list of cities MaxMind, Free World Cities Database, 

Global list of cities with population > 15000 inhabitants (more accurate) 

"This data file includes city population and geolocation data (lat, long, timezone) for the top 15000 cities of the world." It was originally downloaded in September 2017 from GEONAMES

Climate zones (digital maps)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC), 

Climate data

WMO weather station data RP5 


Interactive temperature map from Carbon Brief web-site

Land surface temperature (LST) data sets

MODIS LST/Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1 km V005 product. Terra (MOD11A1) and Aqua (MYD11A1)

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data sets

MODIS NDVI product (MOD13Q1, 250 m spatial resolution, 16-day composites produced every 16 days).

Earth surface images (high-resolution)

Landsat images


Land use - land cover classification data sets

Digital map of forest cover for Russia with 345m spatial resolution

Climate Change Initiative (CCI) LC data (from the European Space Agency (ESA)). The CCI 300 m data are annual global LC time series from 1992 to 2015.






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